Arteries are responsible for carrying oxygenated blood to our body’s tissue while veins have the job of carrying deoxygenated blood back to the heart. For this reason, veins are a crucial part of our circulatory system. However, in some people, blood might not circulate as it should. Due to changes in the blood flow or the elasticity of the veins blood may no longer flow as it should but instead begin to pool in our veins, leading to improper circulation. This can lead to vein pain or venous diseases, such as ulcers, bulging veins, or edema. Signs of poor circulation are numbness and tingling in the extremities, namely the legs and feet. This numbness and tingling is often describes as a pins and needles sensation that comes from a lack of blood flow reaching these extremities.
The valves in our veins also play an important role in the function of the circulatory system. Their job is to keep the blood from moving backward, but for some, these valves don’t do their job. Again, this can lead to poor circulation and the pooling of blood in specific spots. This improper circulation when blood collects in the veins is known as venous insufficiency. Weakening of valves and veins over time can also lead to varicose veins, or twisted bluish, purplish like veins that are visible through the skin. Symptoms of varicose veins could include burning, itching, or throbbing in the affected area. Improper valve function in either the low pressure superficial venous system or the high pressure deep venous system could be the cause of venous disease. In other instances, it may be due to the absence of valves altogether. Thankfully, whatever the cause, vein pain and venous disease can be treated.